YDS Modals

MODALS

 

May (past form is may have verb3)

 

  • Polite request
  • Formal permission
  • Less than % 50 certainty

 

Might (past form is might have verb3)

 

  • Polite eques
  • Less than % 50 certainty

 

Should (past form is should have verb3)

 

  • Advisability
  • %90 certainty

 

Ought to (past form is ought to have verb3)

 

  • Advisability
  • %90 certainty

 

Must (past form is must have verb3)

 

  • Strong necessity
  • Prohibition (negative)
  • %95 certainty

 

Will (past form is will have verb3)

 

  • Willingness
  • Plan but not for sure
  • Polite request

 

 

 

Can (past form is can have verb3)

 

  • Ability (innate)
  • Possibility
  • Informal permission
  • Informal polite request
  • Impossibility (negative)

 

Be able to

 

  • Talent

 

Could (past form is could have verb3)

 

  • Past ability
  • Polite request
  • Suggestion
  • Less than %50 certainty
  • Impossibility (negative)

 

 

 

Had better (never used with past form)

 

  • Advisability with threat of bad result

 

Be supposed to

  • Expectation

 

Be to

  • Strong expectation

 

Have to

  • Obligation
  • Lack of necessity (negative)

 

Have got to

  • Obligation

 

 

Be going to

  • %100 certainty
  • Definite plan

 

 

 

Would

  • Polite request
  • Preference
  • Repeated action in the past

 

Used to

  • Repeated action in the past

 

To be used to + verbing

 

  • To be accustomed to something which started in the before.

 

To get used to + verbing

 

 

 

 

Shall

  • Polite question to make a suggestion
  • Future with ‘I’ or ‘we’ as subject
OKUMALI:  YDS Önemli ipuçları

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