YDS if clauses



Zero type: If + present simple + present simple

If + present simple + imperative

(for natural events, for general truths)


Type I: If + present tenses + will, shall, can, must, should, may…

(for possibilities)


Type II: If + past simple + would, should, could, might…

(for unreal conditions)


Type III: If + past perfect + word have verb3

(for regret)


Mix type: If + past perfect + would, should, could…

(for regret and complaint now)



  • After if clause any modal verb cannot be added into the sentence.
  • Neither parts of the if clause can include modal verbs.

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