Meterology Test

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Kayıt: 11 Tem 2019 21:19
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11 Tem 2019 21:31

1. Which ice type is a later stage of new ice in which it has consolidated into a thin elastic crust?
A) Nilas ice
B) Young ice
C) Slush ice
D) Pancake ice

2. Which is not correct about iceberg shapes?
A) Blocky: Steep indeed with a flat top of solid appearance and a length to height ratio of 5:1
B) Dome: An eroded iceberg that has formed a ‘U’ shaped valley between two twin sided columns
C) Pinnacle: An iceberg with one or more central spires or dominant pyramid peaks.
D) Tabular: A flat topped iceberg with a large length to height in excess of 5:1

3. Which statement is not correct?
A) The Arctic Basin is an area of ocean which is covered by a thin shell of ice about 3,5 m thick
B) Annual mean temperature in the Arctic is -20oc
C) Antarctica is a continent covered by an ice cap that is up to 3,000 m thick
D) Annual mean temperature in Antartica is -15oc.

4. Which one is not correct about ice types?
A) Frazil ice: Fine spicules or plates of ice suspended in water; the first stage of "new" ice
B) Grease ice: Coagulated spicules and plates; new ice formed under calm conditions
C) Shuga ice: Cold temperatures cause additional freezing at the bottom and along the sides ofice
D) Slush ice: Snow saturated with water; new ice floating after a heavy snowfall.



5. Which is not true about ice regions?
A) Ice is affected by pressure much more in Northern Hemisphere than in Southern
B) Southern sea ice is restricted to the middle latitudes due to even latitudinal distribution of heat in southern ocean by Antarctic Circumpolar Current
C) Pack ice concentration increases by about 30% in winter season and is encountered mainly on western side of Atlantic Ocean.
D) In Southern Hemisphere, sea ice is more likely to be encountered in open waters because more of currents are cold.
6. What are the most effective ocean current/system for world trade?
A) El Nino- La Nina- Gulf Stream
B) Labrador-North Equatorial
C) Labrador- Gulf Stream
D) El Nino North Atlantic Equatorial
7. What are the factors affecting creation of ocean current?
A) Corriolis Effect
B) Salinity
C) Wind
D) All of above

8. Which of the below is cold ocean current?
A) Labrodor Current
B) North Pasific Current
C) Leeuqin Current
D) Kuroshio Current

9. Which of the below is warm ocean current?
A) Canary current
B) California current
C) Koyashio current
D) Brazil current
10. What infuluences of El Nino ?
A) Lost Of Life And Property
B) Ocean Eco System
C) World Trade
D) All Of Above

11. Which statement is TRUE with respect to shiphandling procedures in ice?
A) Never go "full astern" at any time while in ice.
B) Go astern in ice with extreme care - always with rudder amidships.
C) Enter ice at medium speeds to reduce impact.
D) The presence of a snow cover on the ice assists a vessel's progress through an ice field.

12. What is NOT a basic shiphandling rule for navigating in ice concentrations on the Great Lakes?
A) Keep moving - even very slowly, but keep moving.
B) Work with the ice movement, not against.
C) Transit ice along pressure ridges when possible.
D) Excessive speed means ice damage.

13. Before entering an ice area, the ship should be _______.
A) Either trimmed by the head or the stern
B) On an even keel
C) Trimmed down by the head
D) Trimmed down by the stern

14. Your ship is navigating independently in heavy ice when it becomes beset. Which statement is FALSE?
A) The vessel will most likely require an icebreaker to free her.
B) The vessel may be able to free herself by pumping ballast from side to side.
C) The propeller is more susceptible to ice damage when turning slowly than when stopped.
D) It is advisable to clear the rudder area of ice by using ahead turns before backing down

15. Which statement concerning the navigation of a vessel in ice is FALSE?
A) Anchoring in the presence of ice is not recommended except in an emergency.
B) Towing a vessel through an ice field is not recommended except in an emergency.
C) The "Free and Proceed" system of escorting a beset vessel cuts down on the number of freeing operations.
D) When anchoring in ice, it is advisable to increase the scope of the chain over what is normally used for non-icing conditions.
16. Which one is the type of sea ice that consist of ice crystals and only one week old ?
A) Old Ice
B) Nilas
C) Multiyear Ice
D) New Ice

17. What are following important points for ice navigation of ship ?
1. Anchoring
2. Lookout
3. Engine Care
4. Manouevering

A) 1-2-3 B) 2-3-4 C) All of above D) 1-2-4

18. Except for ice class ships, which type of ship does help other ships to navigate ice condition ?
A) Tug
B) Icebreaker
C) Fishing Vessel
D) Bulk Carrier

19. What should we avoid during navigation in closed ice packs ?
A) Full Astern
B) Sharp alterations of course
C) Half Ahead
D) Slowly alterations of course

20. How should we enter in ice to avoid taking damage to the ship ?
A) Full Ahead
B) Dead Slow Asterm
C) Full Astern
D) Slow Ahead

21. Which is not below give several services by Weather Routing Companies?
A) Weather
B) Sea State
C) Search And Rescue
D) Route Recommendation




22. Which does not exist any benefit of Weather Routing Services?
A) Passage Time
B) Bunker Comsumption
C) Safe Voyage
D) Ballast Pump Running Time

23. Which is not give informations of about Sea State Services ?
A) Wind Direction
B) Water Temperature
C) Wave Heights
D) Swell Condition

24. Who was charted the Gulf Stream current first time ?
A) Matthew Fontaine Maury
B) Benjamin Franklin
C) Marie Curie
D) Darwin

25. Which time show you that was put into operation by private meteorological groups?
A) 1930’s
B) 1940’s
C) 1950’s
D) 1960’s
26. Which one is not effect on ice growth factor?
A) Tempurature of the air
B) Air Pressure
C) Wind intensity
D) Density of the sea water


27. Which ice type is not part of new ice?
A) Frazil ice
B) Slush
C) Nilas
D) Grey ice

28. I-Wawe action
II- Heat
III- Precipitation
Which of the effects above are destructive fort he icebergs?
A) Only I
B) Only III
C) I and III
D) All of Above

29. How many kinds of ices are there?
A)21
B)20
C)19
D)18
30. What is the coldest temperature ever known at ice regions ?
A) -89°C
B) -90°C
C) -88°C
D) -91°C
31. Which ones are true for Ship Performance Optimisation System?
I. Efficient voyage and ETA planning
II. Saves fuel and time
III. 7/24 weather operations support
A) I,II B) II,III C) I,III D) I,II,III
32. How many times bon voyage system send the weather forecast for a day?
A) 1 B) 3 C) 4 D) 10
33. How many days does Vessel Optimisation and Safety System(VOSS) weather forecast for?
A)8 B)10 C) 12 D) 15
34. Which of the following Ship Performance Optimisation System (SPOS) does not provide?
A) Vessels navigate the globe safely and efficiently
B) Reducing fuel consumption
C) Emissions, contributing to a clean environment
D) Increasing the speed of ships
35. Which of the following statements about BVS (Bon Voyage System) is incorrect?
A) Seakeeping; Predicts and evaluate vessel motions to avoid excessive roll,pitch,heave and other rigid body motions.

B) Tropical Storm Data; Automatic updates based on real-time lastest available forecast.
C) Position Polling: Enhanced seakepping through integration of wind data.
D) Dual Speed Optimization; Maximizes cost savings by adjusting speeds when salling in ECA areas.
36. Which one of the showing below is not a vertical part of ice class ships?
A) bottom B) lower C) icebelt D) stiff


37. Which one of the given below is not a longitudional part of ice class ships?
A) bow B) bow intermediate C) stern D) existing tonnage


38. Which one of the below is not true about ‘ice class 1-A’ mean ?
A)Hull side structure and rudder designed for pressure loading of a 0.8 m thickness level ice
B)Propeller and shafting designed for impact loads from ice pieces
C)Installed propulsion power is suitable for maintenance of 10 knots ahead speed
D)Vessel is suitable for assisted navigation in first-year ice in the Northern Baltic with icebreaker assistance


39. I. The first requirements for Merchant ships to be escorted by icebreakers were set in Finland.
II. Winter traffic to the port of Hanko was started.
III. Recently, the two different class systems have been denifed by the IACS and the IMO.
Which of the above is true?
A) only I
B) I and II
C) I and III
D) All of the above


40. Which of the following are the main regions where the ice class ships are navigating?
A) Mediterrianen sea
B) Azov-Blacksea
C) Carabbian sea
D) Baltic-Arctic sea
41. The former system allows for greater .........to be aplied to the rouiting task because powerful computers are available shore Select the correct answer from the list of choices to fill the blank.
A) Computer power
B) Flexibility
C) Routes
D) Scenarios
42. How many days does extended range forecasting for generally?
A) For a week
B) 3 - 14 days
C) 2 - 5 days
D) For a month
43. Which of the following is/are the conveniences of the Maury’s weather routeing charts?
I. Saving in transit time
II. Provide to avoid from much heavy weather and sailing shorter routes
III. Increase safety
A) I & II
B) II
C) II & III
D) I, II & III
44. A significant advantage of weather routing accues when;
I. passage is relatively long, about 1,500 miles or more
II. the waters are navigationally unrestricted
III. weather is a factor in determining the route to be followed
A) I
B) II-III
C) I-II-III
D) II
45. Who was compiled large amounts of atmospheric and oceanographic data from ships logbooks?
A) Matthew Fontaine Maury
B) Benjamin Franklin
C) Marie Curie
D) Piri Reis
46. Which are important considerations in the route selection process prior to sailing and the surveillance procedure while underway ?
A) Ship size
B) Speed capability
C) Type of cargo
D) All of them

47. In ship routing system is consideration given to ……………………………………………………….. ?
A) Wind, seas
B) Fog, ice
C) Only ocean currents
D) Wind, seas, fog, ice, ocean current

48. How many there are general types of routing services available ?
A) 1
B) 2
C) 3
D) 4
49. What are Identifying Pressure Systems and Fronts ?
A) Anticyclones
B) Depressions
C) Troughs, Ridges
D) All of them
50. Which of the following is fronts ?
A) Cold front and warm front
B) Occluded fronts
C) Stationary fronts
D) All of them

51. The Coriolis effect causes ___________.
A) Global winds and surface currents to move in a curved path instead of a straight line
B) The Earth to rotate on its axis
C) Global winds and deep ocean currents to move in a curved path instead of a straight line
D) Continental deflection

52. If a cool surface current flows along a coastline, what effect might it have on the climate in that area?
A) In general, it will bring warmer temperatures in the summer and milder temperatures in the winters
B) In general, it will have no long term effect on climate in that area.
C) In general, it will bring cooler temperatures in the summer and milder temperatures in the winters
D) In general, it will bring cooler temperatures in the summer and colder temperatures in the winters

53. Where does the intial source of energy come from that creates winds and thus surface currents?
A) The moon
B) The sun
C) The wind
D) The rotation of the Earth

54. In which ocean area is the El Nino weather event happening?

A) Artic ocean
B) Indian ocean
C) Pasific ocean
D) Atlantic ocean


55. Which of the following is not a current type name?
A) Tidal currents
B) Coastal currents
C) Water currents
D) Surface currents

56. The aim of the ice class ships regulations?
A) Ships operating in the Baltic Sea are capable of navigating in ice and winter navigation runs safely and smoothly.
B) A3-A4 area communication
C) Too much earn money
D) Search and rescue
57. Which type are ships with such structure, engine output and other properties that they are capable of navigating in difficult ice conditions, with the assistance of icebreakers when necessary ice class?
A) Ice class IB
B) Ice class IA
C) Ice class II
D) Ice class III
58. Which is not type hull region?
A) bow region
B) midbody region
C) stern region
D) machine region
59. Which date is the change draught marks?
A) 1 July 2006
B) 5 May 2007
C) 1 July 2007
D) 5 May 2006
60. What is the maximum service speed IA ice class ship ?
A) 20 knots
B) 18 knots
C) 16 knots
D) 14 knots
Mert Ali
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Kayıt: 09 Eki 2016 15:09
İletişim:

11 Tem 2019 21:37

Recep bey cevaplarını alabilir miyiz?
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RecepÖzden
Mesajlar: 2
Kayıt: 11 Tem 2019 21:19
İletişim:

13 Tem 2019 19:45

Şıklarrenkli olduğu için çıkmamış kusura bakmayın. Cevaplar soruların altına eklenmiş halde gönderiyorum.


1. Which ice type is a later stage of new ice in which it has consolidated into a thin elastic crust?
A) Nilas ice
B) Young ice
C) Slush ice
D) Pancake ice
a

2. Which is not correct about iceberg shapes?
A) Blocky: Steep indeed with a flat top of solid appearance and a length to height ratio of 5:1
B) Dome: An eroded iceberg that has formed a ‘U’ shaped valley between two twin sided columns
C) Pinnacle: An iceberg with one or more central spires or dominant pyramid peaks.
D) Tabular: A flat topped iceberg with a large length to height in excess of 5:1
b
3. Which statement is not correct?
A) The Arctic Basin is an area of ocean which is covered by a thin shell of ice about 3,5 m thick
B) Annual mean temperature in the Arctic is -20oc
C) Antarctica is a continent covered by an ice cap that is up to 3,000 m thick
D) Annual mean temperature in Antartica is -15oc.
d
4. Which one is not correct about ice types?
A) Frazil ice: Fine spicules or plates of ice suspended in water; the first stage of "new" ice
B) Grease ice: Coagulated spicules and plates; new ice formed under calm conditions
C) Shuga ice: Cold temperatures cause additional freezing at the bottom and along the sides ofice
D) Slush ice: Snow saturated with water; new ice floating after a heavy snowfall.
c


5. Which is not true about ice regions?
A) Ice is affected by pressure much more in Northern Hemisphere than in Southern
B) Southern sea ice is restricted to the middle latitudes due to even latitudinal distribution of heat in southern ocean by Antarctic Circumpolar Current
C) Pack ice concentration increases by about 30% in winter season and is encountered mainly on western side of Atlantic Ocean.
D) In Southern Hemisphere, sea ice is more likely to be encountered in open waters because more of currents are cold.
b
6. What are the most effective ocean current/system for world trade?
A) El Nino- La Nina- Gulf Stream
B) Labrador-North Equatorial
C) Labrador- Gulf Stream
D) El Nino North Atlantic Equatorial
a
7. What are the factors affecting creation of ocean current?
A) Corriolis Effect
B) Salinity
C) Wind
D) All of above
d
8. Which of the below is cold ocean current?
A) Labrodor Current
B) North Pasific Current
C) Leeuqin Current
D) Kuroshio Current
a
9. Which of the below is warm ocean current?
A) Canary current
B) California current
C) Koyashio current
D) Brazil current
d
10. What infuluences of El Nino ?
A) Lost Of Life And Property
B) Ocean Eco System
C) World Trade
D) All Of Above
d
11. Which statement is TRUE with respect to shiphandling procedures in ice?
A) Never go "full astern" at any time while in ice.
B) Go astern in ice with extreme care - always with rudder amidships.
C) Enter ice at medium speeds to reduce impact.
D) The presence of a snow cover on the ice assists a vessel's progress through an ice field.
b
12. What is NOT a basic shiphandling rule for navigating in ice concentrations on the Great Lakes?
A) Keep moving - even very slowly, but keep moving.
B) Work with the ice movement, not against.
C) Transit ice along pressure ridges when possible.
D) Excessive speed means ice damage.
c
13. Before entering an ice area, the ship should be _______.
A) Either trimmed by the head or the stern
B) On an even keel
C) Trimmed down by the head
D) Trimmed down by the stern
d
14. Your ship is navigating independently in heavy ice when it becomes beset. Which statement is FALSE?
A) The vessel will most likely require an icebreaker to free her.
B) The vessel may be able to free herself by pumping ballast from side to side.
C) The propeller is more susceptible to ice damage when turning slowly than when stopped.
D) It is advisable to clear the rudder area of ice by using ahead turns before backing down
c
15. Which statement concerning the navigation of a vessel in ice is FALSE?
A) Anchoring in the presence of ice is not recommended except in an emergency.
B) Towing a vessel through an ice field is not recommended except in an emergency.
C) The "Free and Proceed" system of escorting a beset vessel cuts down on the number of freeing operations.
D) When anchoring in ice, it is advisable to increase the scope of the chain over what is normally used for non-icing conditions.
d
16. Which one is the type of sea ice that consist of ice crystals and only one week old ?
A) Old Ice
B) Nilas
C) Multiyear Ice
D) New Ice
d
17. What are following important points for ice navigation of ship ?
1. Anchoring
2. Lookout
3. Engine Care
4. Manouevering

A) 1-2-3 B) 2-3-4 C) All of above D) 1-2-4
c
18. Except for ice class ships, which type of ship does help other ships to navigate ice condition ?
A) Tug
B) Icebreaker
C) Fishing Vessel
D) Bulk Carrier
b
19. What should we avoid during navigation in closed ice packs ?
A) Full Astern
B) Sharp alterations of course
C) Half Ahead
D) Slowly alterations of course
b
20. How should we enter in ice to avoid taking damage to the ship ?
A) Full Ahead
B) Dead Slow Asterm
C) Full Astern
D) Slow Ahead
d
21. Which is not below give several services by Weather Routing Companies?
A) Weather
B) Sea State
C) Search And Rescue
D) Route Recommendation
c



22. Which does not exist any benefit of Weather Routing Services?
A) Passage Time
B) Bunker Comsumption
C) Safe Voyage
D) Ballast Pump Running Time
d
23. Which is not give informations of about Sea State Services ?
A) Wind Direction
B) Water Temperature
C) Wave Heights
D) Swell Condition
a
24. Who was charted the Gulf Stream current first time ?
A) Matthew Fontaine Maury
B) Benjamin Franklin
C) Marie Curie
D) Darwin
b
25. Which time show you that was put into operation by private meteorological groups?
A) 1930’s
B) 1940’s
C) 1950’s
D) 1960’s
c
26. Which one is not effect on ice growth factor?
A) Tempurature of the air
B) Air Pressure
C) Wind intensity
D) Density of the sea water
b

27. Which ice type is not part of new ice?
A) Frazil ice
B) Slush
C) Nilas
D) Grey ice
d
28. I-Wawe action
II- Heat
III- Precipitation
Which of the effects above are destructive fort he icebergs?
A) Only I
B) Only III
C) I and III
D) All of Above
d
29. How many kinds of ices are there?
A)21
B)20
C)19
D)18
a
30. What is the coldest temperature ever known at ice regions ?
A) -89°C
B) -90°C
C) -88°C
D) -91°C
a
31. Which ones are true for Ship Performance Optimisation System?
I. Efficient voyage and ETA planning
II. Saves fuel and time
III. 7/24 weather operations support
A) I,II B) II,III C) I,III D) I,II,III
d
32. How many times bon voyage system send the weather forecast for a day?
A) 1 B) 3 C) 4 D) 10
c
33. How many days does Vessel Optimisation and Safety System(VOSS) weather forecast for?
A)8 B)10 C) 12 D) 15
b
34. Which of the following Ship Performance Optimisation System (SPOS) does not provide?
A) Vessels navigate the globe safely and efficiently
B) Reducing fuel consumption
C) Emissions, contributing to a clean environment
D) Increasing the speed of ships
d
35. Which of the following statements about BVS (Bon Voyage System) is incorrect?
A) Seakeeping; Predicts and evaluate vessel motions to avoid excessive roll,pitch,heave and other rigid body motions.

B) Tropical Storm Data; Automatic updates based on real-time lastest available forecast.
C) Position Polling: Enhanced seakepping through integration of wind data.
D) Dual Speed Optimization; Maximizes cost savings by adjusting speeds when salling in ECA areas.
c
36. Which one of the showing below is not a vertical part of ice class ships?
A) bottom B) lower C) icebelt D) stiff

d
37. Which one of the given below is not a longitudional part of ice class ships?
A) bow B) bow intermediate C) stern D) existing tonnage
d

38. Which one of the below is not true about ‘ice class 1-A’ mean ?
A)Hull side structure and rudder designed for pressure loading of a 0.8 m thickness level ice
B)Propeller and shafting designed for impact loads from ice pieces
C)Installed propulsion power is suitable for maintenance of 10 knots ahead speed
D)Vessel is suitable for assisted navigation in first-year ice in the Northern Baltic with icebreaker assistance
c

39. I. The first requirements for Merchant ships to be escorted by icebreakers were set in Finland.
II. Winter traffic to the port of Hanko was started.
III. Recently, the two different class systems have been denifed by the IACS and the IMO.
Which of the above is true?
A) only I
B) I and II
C) I and III
D) All of the above
d

40. Which of the following are the main regions where the ice class ships are navigating?
A) Mediterrianen sea
B) Azov-Blacksea
C) Carabbian sea
D) Baltic-Arctic sea
d
41. The former system allows for greater .........to be aplied to the rouiting task because powerful computers are available shore Select the correct answer from the list of choices to fill the blank.
A) Computer power
B) Flexibility
C) Routes
D) Scenarios
a
42. How many days does extended range forecasting for generally?
A) For a week
B) 3 - 14 days
C) 2 - 5 days
D) For a month
b
43. Which of the following is/are the conveniences of the Maury’s weather routeing charts?
I. Saving in transit time
II. Provide to avoid from much heavy weather and sailing shorter routes
III. Increase safety
A) I & II
B) II
C) II & III
D) I, II & III
d
44. A significant advantage of weather routing accues when;
I. passage is relatively long, about 1,500 miles or more
II. the waters are navigationally unrestricted
III. weather is a factor in determining the route to be followed
A) I
B) II-III
C) I-II-III
D) II
c
45. Who was compiled large amounts of atmospheric and oceanographic data from ships logbooks?
A) Matthew Fontaine Maury
B) Benjamin Franklin
C) Marie Curie
D) Piri Reis
a
46. Which are important considerations in the route selection process prior to sailing and the surveillance procedure while underway ?
A) Ship size
B) Speed capability
C) Type of cargo
D) All of them
d
47. In ship routing system is consideration given to ……………………………………………………….. ?
A) Wind, seas
B) Fog, ice
C) Only ocean currents
D) Wind, seas, fog, ice, ocean current
d
48. How many there are general types of routing services available ?
A) 1
B) 2
C) 3
D) 4
b
49. What are Identifying Pressure Systems and Fronts ?
A) Anticyclones
B) Depressions
C) Troughs, Ridges
D) All of them
d
50. Which of the following is fronts ?
A) Cold front and warm front
B) Occluded fronts
C) Stationary fronts
D) All of them
d
51. The Coriolis effect causes ___________.
A) Global winds and surface currents to move in a curved path instead of a straight line
B) The Earth to rotate on its axis
C) Global winds and deep ocean currents to move in a curved path instead of a straight line
D) Continental deflection
a
52. If a cool surface current flows along a coastline, what effect might it have on the climate in that area?
A) In general, it will bring warmer temperatures in the summer and milder temperatures in the winters
B) In general, it will have no long term effect on climate in that area.
C) In general, it will bring cooler temperatures in the summer and milder temperatures in the winters
D) In general, it will bring cooler temperatures in the summer and colder temperatures in the winters
d
53. Where does the intial source of energy come from that creates winds and thus surface currents?
A) The moon
B) The sun
C) The wind
D) The rotation of the Earth
b
54. In which ocean area is the El Nino weather event happening?

A) Artic ocean
B) Indian ocean
C) Pasific ocean
D) Atlantic ocean
c
55. Which of the following is not a current type name?
A) Tidal currents
B) Coastal currents
C) Water currents
D) Surface currents
c
56. The aim of the ice class ships regulations?
A) Ships operating in the Baltic Sea are capable of navigating in ice and winter navigation runs safely and smoothly.
B) A3-A4 area communication
C) Too much earn money
D) Search and rescue
a
57. Which type are ships with such structure, engine output and other properties that they are capable of navigating in difficult ice conditions, with the assistance of icebreakers when necessary ice class?
A) Ice class IB
B) Ice class IA
C) Ice class II
D) Ice class III
b
58. Which is not type hull region?
A) bow region
B) midbody region
C) stern region
D) machine region
d
59. Which date is the change draught marks?
A) 1 July 2006
B) 5 May 2007
C) 1 July 2007
D) 5 May 2006
c
60. What is the maximum service speed IA ice class ship ?
A) 20 knots
B) 18 knots
C) 16 knots
D) 14 knots
b
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